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27% reservation for OBC and 10% for EWS in medical education:


Taking a big decision, the Modi government at the center has made 27% reservation (27% reservation for OBCs) for various courses of medical education (medical/dental courses) and economic It has been decided to provide reservation (10% reservation for Economically Weaker Section) for the economically weaker section. At the same time, PM Modi said, – This will create a new paradigm of social justice in our country. Let us inform that there has been a long-standing demand from the medical candidates to give OBC reservation in the All India quota of medical education as said by PM Modi. There have also been many cases in different courts of the country, but this matter was pending for a long time. 

Under the All India Reservation Scheme, from the current academic session 2021-22, the Central Government has made 27 percent reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBC) and 10 percent for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in undergraduate and postgraduate medical and dental courses from the current academic session 2021-22. 

The Union Health Ministry said – Under its All India Quota Scheme, the Ministry has made 27% reservation for OBCs in UG and PG courses (MBBS/MD/MS/Diploma/BDS/MDS) of Medical/Dental and for economically weaker sections. For this, it has been decided to give reservation from the academic session 2021-22.

This will create a new paradigm of social justice in our country: PM Modi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, our government has made 27% reservation for OBC in All India Quota scheme for UG and PG medical and for the dental courses from the current academic year and economically The historic decision has been taken to provide 10% reservation for the weaker section… it will create a new paradigm of social justice in our country.

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said, around 5,550 students will be benefitted. The government is committed to provide proper reservation to both the Backward Classes and the EWS category.

The government of india has taken major decision to provide 27% reservation for OBC and 10% reservation for EWS means economically weaker section in All India Quota scheme for exams of UG and PG medical/dental courses from the current academic year

In a statement issued by the Union Health Ministry, it was said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a meeting held on Monday had directed the concerned central ministries for effective resolution of this long pending issue. “This decision will benefit about 1,500 OBC students in MBBS and 2,500 OBC students in post-graduation and about 550 EWS students in MBBS and about 1,000 EWS students in post-graduation,” it said.

OBC students across India will now be able to get the benefit of this reservation under the All India Reservation Scheme to compete for seats in any state. Being a central scheme, the central list related to OBC will be used for this reservation.

Modi had directed to solve the issue of OBC and EWS reservation on priority.

Let us inform that in the past, Prime Minister Narendra Modi reviewed the issue of reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBC) and Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in the All India Medical Education Quota and directed the concerned ministries to solve it on priority basis. Was. Sources said that Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, Health and Family Welfare Minister Mansukh Mandaviya and Social Welfare Secretaries as well as other senior officials attended the meeting held on Monday and two The issue of quota was discussed.

Ophthalmology – Review Book


Theime’s book on ophthalmology is one of the finest review books in the market today!

Starting from the font to the inner design of the book , to the diagrammatic illustration and simple language, the book is undoubtedly very effective for last minute brush ups and preps for subjective & objective exams.

Tables with neurology and embryology are pitch perfect for quick understanding.
Also several typically asked essay questions can be quickly answered as direct paragraphs from the book without further striking off unwanted points.

Write ups on surgical procedures and diagnostics are detail and is of utmost practical use.
This cost-effective book as all the qualities an undergraduate student looks forward to in the exam point of you. Since the summary of each chapter is given towards the end, it made it even easier for quick revisions too.

Tips for improvement :

*Including more flow charts would give a fine exam writing skill perspective to the book.
*A little more detailed anatomical basis would help in further understanding.
*Providing more MCQ based content can also help the readers in a competitive exam point of view too.

Pavan John Zachariah, PIMS
STATE EDITOR- Inflame Medical Magazine
United Nations ADCB Ambition Award Laurette 

Principles of Medical Physiology: Review


Book Name: Principles of Medical Physiology
Author Name: Sircar
Publication: Thieme

Target audience: If you are a kind of students who like scientific diagrams and learns from them, then its your book. But mind it, it will be a bit boring if you don’t like continuous reading without points in the chapters.


  • Easy to understand as written in simple language.
  • Concepts are illustrated through nicely drawn scientific diagrams, hence makes the subject easy and fun to learn.
  • Mnemonics are also there, which are easy to remember as they are also diagram based.
  • Diagrams are not only in boring 2D format, some are in 3D format too which makes them easy and interesting to watch and learn at the same time.
  • All the topics are covered in a concise manner. Important points are covered. Makes great combination with review books like Ganong’s Physiology Review book.
  • At the end of each chapter revision questions are given such that you can solve them and it helps you to revise the chapter fast during exams.


  • Flowcharts are not used in summary of the content of the chapters.
  • Differences are not given in the table format at the end of the chapters.
  • The individual topics in the chapter is not given in point format, as I think that it makes the learning easy and makes them easy to remember.

Overall if I rate this book for preparation it can be a 8/10. I enjoy reading the book as it covers most important topics that I need for the exams.

The strong point about the book is its illustrations as they make the topic super simple to understand.

Review By: Subhabrata Ghosh
Section Editor, Inflame

Synopsis of Surgery: Review


I enjoy reading medical textbooks from diverse sources, and am an editor for online blogs as well as student
medical magazines. I hope I can bring something valuable information through this blog. Recently I came across reading a book called- Synopsis of Surgery and thought of reviewing it so it could help others.

Title : Synopsis of Surgery
Author : Dr. Yogi Ram Bolisetty
Publication: Thieme


1. Book is perfect for quick revision before exams – saves a lot of time as the entire subject has been condensed into a single volume.
2. Online support and e-editions are provided. The book is especially relevant to Indian MBBS examinations without elaborate details that are not required.
3. Very cost effective.
4. Has 49 chapters as individual units – students do not need to search for a topic under a larger unit.
5. Chapters on diagnostic procedures and surgical instruments included – can be used to address questions during practical exams and viva-voce sessions.
6. Anesthesia and minimal access surgery explained in an exam oriented manner.
7. Has all details in a lucid manner in one place – for example, positions of all lymph nodes in the neck under neck swellings.
8. Diagrams with labelling are present at regular intervals – easily reproducible for examination papers.
9. Tables with details on embryology and neurovascular structures are included.
10. Several typically asked essay questions can be quickly answered as direct paragraphs from the book, especially for specific pathologies.
11. Etiology, clinical features, differential diagnoses and treatment is explained under each pathologic condition.
12. Summary of the entire chapter is provided in the end

Improvement that I think can be made on is in terms of: 

1. Diagrams are too small and in black and white to observe labelling correctly.
2. Last edition was published in 2017-18 ; an updated version with the latest edition of Bailey and Love would be very useful to students.
3. Mentioning how treatments and interventions are carried out in a little more detail would be appreciated, since the focus on anatomy is too extensive for a surgery manual.
4. Specific anatomical location and relative positioning of incisions need to be mentioned.
5. Complications need to be explained further. 

Bhagyasree Venkat
State Editor, Inflame Medical Magazine
Amrita Institute Of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi

Balancing personal & professional life as postgraduate resident by proper diet


Taking proper care of diet : tips & tricks

Having already said that good health is a means to professional success ,its very important to
maintain good health . In order to maintain that diet is very important , people aho
have done MBBS before joining residency have thorough knowledge of nutrition from
PSM classes cannot give excuse of poor health or any diseases due to lack of proper

So following are tips for ensuring balanced & healthy diet amidst hectic duties

• Having breakfast is miraculous task for every resident especially for those who woke
up 10 minutes before duties ,so it is suggested to wake up slightly earlier atlest 25
minutes before your duty timings

• If you are getting hostel in doctor hostel prefer to have it instead of flat/PG outside
hospital campus especially in first yr of post graduation , this will help you in having
good breakfast in less time in initial part of residency thus will protect you from many
diseases which is common due to improper breakfast or skipping breakfast like
tuberculosis etc

• If your hospitals doctors canteen doesn’t serve good food , juice , do form a pressure
group to ensure that taking the help of RDA

• There are many diet , nutrition blogs for people having busy schedule like doctors on
quora ,apps are also there , you can take help of that

• Few tips from my side always keep some readymade things to eat based on your
likings like biscuit , chocolate , juice tetrapack , fast food , ready to eat packet ( Gitts
etc). sprouts,corn etc , you can follow my facebook /youtube channel for making
some readymade food for breakfast

• One day in advance or before leaving room for duty make sure there is 1 packet of
readymade food in your bag n don’t exhaust it until no options available ( canteen)

• Swiggy/Zomato/uber eats not good idea for breakfast as even after ordering in ward
its not possible to take bite due to excess workload in morning in wards

• Have friendly relation with nursing staff /interns of your department , many times they
will feed you with good breakfast , even you can request them for breakfast if you are
getting late not able to do breakfast

• Have good relation with guards of your ward , you can request them for bringing
breakfast from doctors canteen , do pay something extra to them

• Your dayscholar copgs, junior , seniors , married colleagues are very helpful in this ,
they bring breakfast daily do share

• From your insomnia classes you must be awarded of terms like sleep hygiene , sleep

• In order to have good health its must to have 5 hrs daily sleep which is highly impossible if you are doing emergency duty you have to learn to steal time to sleep & follow some tips to improve sleep efficiency.

Hope this helps.


Dr Krishan Rajbhar
Resident surgeon, ENT
Co- Convenor, IMA ( JDN – Delhi)

Impact of pandemic on Health Care Worker


In the mid of January 2020, the world was gone up against with another disease ‘COVID-19′ brought about by the Coronavirus Managing this pandemic is the greatest test to confront the healthcare workers as it will request a ton from them all. Arjuna as a ‘Warrior’ was feared that impending war would cost him a loss of his own near and dear. Similarly, during this pandemic of COVID-19 peoples are also concerned about losing their family members or friends.

The basic reaction to this scenario has been very much emotional and unprecedented. Doctors can’t hug their kids as soon as they came back home. Doctors and nurses have to avoid their families so that they can look after their patients. Health care workers are going through a never-ending unspoken anxiety and emotional turmoil. Yet, the doctors are performing their DHARMA (Duties) daily and leaving behind their feeling as if nothing has happened

We are amid a storm, a Tsunami of COVID-19. I can relate to the immense trouble that we all are undergoing while the nation reels under the devastating second wave of COVID-19. Medical Profession and Stress goes together. Medical service involves a lot of factors like taking care of other peoples’ lives — mistakes or errors could be costly and sometimes irreversible!

Health care workers (HCW) form a huge proportion of the vulnerable group of population for development of psychological consequences related to the outbreak. Front-line workers are those who are involved in handling patients with COVID-19. They are at a higher risk for the psychological impact than other HCW. The underlying reasons for these are prolonged working hours, inadequate support, absence of personal protective equipment, concern about infecting their loved ones, high infection rate among the medical staff.8 Frontline hospital workers see COVID-19 patients dying every day — often because of a lack of resources and time.

Certain demographic variables like younger age (<30 years), female gender and, the nurses more than doctors have significant influence on the intensity of depressive and anxiety symptoms. Despite harboring such symptoms, social support and moral responsibility have been responsible for allowing them to continue their duties amidst the pandemic. Those with poor social support, lack of self-efficacy are associated with increased stress, anxiety, depressive symptoms, insomnia among healthcare workers., moreover, during this second wave doctors are feeling helpless, not able to save young patients due to lack of oxygen, new strains, no proper guidelines.

Health Care Workers (HCWs) including Medical Staff faces problems like:

  • Stress, Anxiety, Depression most common
  • PTSD like symptoms-witnessing huge number of deaths/ morbidities
  • Work related stress, burnout, fatigue
  • Stigma, harassment, out casting of HCWs
  • Emotional trauma- death & suffering of co-workers
  • Isolation/Quarantine
  • Fear of infecting family member
  • Guilt if some elderly family members get infected
  • Fear of going back home and fear of hugging their children , meet the elderly’s
  • Felling helpless and guilty when not able to provide / arrange for beds with oxygen / ventilator
  • Helpless situation-unable to save life, limited resources
  • 747 doctors died of Covid-19 in India as reported IMA (April 17, 2021)
  • It reported the highest number of such deaths from Tamil Nadu, West Bengal followed by Maharashtra
  • In Maharashtra around 17,975 health workers are so far hit by the virus of Covid-19, of which 11,235 are from government hospitals, while 6,740 are from the private sector.
  • Deadly virus, poor PPE & sanitization, poor infection control system, not all were vaccinated, infection with mutant strain

Take care of yourself by the following:

  • Video chats with family & peer groups
  • Share the experience with others
  • Counselling by trained counselors or psychologists
  • Formation of Support groups
  • Adequate protection from infection, availability of beds, oxygen & ventilators
  • Telemedicine facilities (already present)
  • Video/education material to be available
  • Back up HCWs (steps taken by Govt)
  • Giving proper recognition/awards/remunerations
  • Relaxation Exercise
  • Deep Breathing.

Author :
Dr Aninda Sidana

Dr Aninda Sidana is a mental health professional with a difference having her roots in the field of mental health and family background of a psychiatrist; she had her exposure towards nuances of mental health since very young age .with a dual experience of 10 years in a general hospital psychiatry unit as well as tertiary care neuropsychiatry center she is well equipped to handle both severe and chronic mental illnesses as well as common mental disorders and is being trained in psychosexual medicine. She is hailing from Rajasthan, Sri Ganganagar and dealing with patients from both rural and urban background. Trained at the prestigious institute of human behavior and allied sciences, she uses an integrative approach to achieve a state of optimal mental health and well being for her patients. Her range of expertise includes stress management, addictions, marital therapy and psychosexual disorders. Being a female doctor and dealing with sexual issues and also addictions, and various mental health issues especially in a small city is quite challenging.

Textbook of Ophthalmology by Sanjeev Mittal and Raj Kumar – Thieme Publication


Textbook of Ophthalmology by Sanjeev Mittal and Raj Kumar, is an absolute gamechanger in the UG Ophthalmology preparation. It has been curated in a way to meet the needs of the student community, helping to build a strong conceptual base in the subject as well as providing a structured pattern to write in the exams.

All important topics have been covered, theoretical and practical aspects have been given due importance. The book has been written in a simple and easy to understand language with no wasted words. The topics have been covered in a structured manner with due emphasis on all the relevant aspects of anatomy,  physiology, pathological disorders, and the relevant management of the same.

The book has been made par with the latest Competency based MCI Curriculum and also has chapters on new topics like Community Opthalmology. The book has ample number of case scenarios which help the students develop a practical understanding of the topics, it also encompasses excellent flow charts, tables, photographs and illustrations for a clear understanding of the topic.      

All together an excellent book, which is a must have book for all MBBS Students for their University Exams as well as for preparation of Competitive Exams.

Review by:

Philip T Paul
MOSC Medical College Kolencherry
Chief of Kerala Bureau, Inflame Magazine

Indian Medical Association- IMA requests government for nation-wide lockdown


Considering the health crisis present in our country & mismanagement of the second wave of COVID-19, Indian medical association- IMA have requested Government of India for nationwide lockdown owing to over 4 lakh cases per day & for 1 hospital admission, bed is locked for 10-12 days at least, leading to extreme scarcity of beds as new beds are not being created adequately, so its need of the hour to break this chain of virus spread by making strict nationwide lock down, it should be done in view the past that public is not as much as compliant in adopting COVID-19 appropriate behavior (sanitizer, mask & social distancing) as they were doing last year.

Further, IMA stressed upon the matter that proper rehabilitation should be looked at of migrant labor’s / daily wageworkers who bear the maximum brunt of lockdown previous year. It must be done keeping in mind the principles of right to life enshrined in Constitution of India article 21& article 39a, 19(1) which gives people right to have adequate means of livelihood. Considering vaccine shortage at most of the places, we request Govt for equitable accessible & affordable vaccination.

IMA also put stress upon to meet the vaccine shortage, it is pertinent for emergency import of vaccine doses as serum Institute chief remarked that it will take 2-3 months to reach the capacity production of 100 million dose per month, even that would be not sufficient for country’s large population of 1.4 billion. Oxygen & essential drugs Remdisivir, taclizumab, steroids scarcity is there because of improper distribution channel, government is unable to regulate the hoarding, black marketing & price capping.

One important fact to keep in mind coronavirus is RNA virus which mutate frequently, so there is need of proper sequencing & strengthen our virology labs. It is further stressed from we people at the largest body of modern medicine doctors that there should be transparency in reporting should be done. In many big hospitals many COVID-19 deaths are being reported as non COVID-19.

In phase 1 COVID-19 our country has lost 756 doctors & in phase 2 we have lost more than 146 doctors to this virus. There has been increased violence on duty doctors, there should be proper legislation & execution to control this violence on duty doctors & damage to hospital property.

It should also be taken into consideration on how much is the country actually prepared for managing mini pandemic arising of mucormycosis, third wave which is likely to affect mainly pediatric population , how equipped the country is as far as PICU, NICU & man power is considered to treat children affected. So it’s need of the hour to bring the Indian medical services so that this mismanagement of any pandemic doesn’t happen again!

Dr. Krishan Rajbhar
Indian Medical Association (Junior Doctors Network — Delhi)

Corona 3rd Wave: Know what the symptoms will be? How dangerous is it for children?


K Vijay Raghav, chief scientific adviser to the Center, has warned that a third wave of Corona will also come. We have to be prepared for it. After Raghavan’s warning, many worries have started to take root among Indians.

New Delhi: India is suffering badly from the second wave of the Corona epidemic. Amid a steadily rising number of cases, third-party concerns are also beginning to bother. K Vijay Raghav, chief scientific adviser to the Center, has warned that a third wave of Corona will also be needed. After Raghavan’s warning, many worries have started to take root among Indians.

Will there be a third wave in September?

The biggest concern is how long this third wave will last. How long and at what level will it peak. At the same time it will affect people of any age. How dangerous the third wave mutation will be compared to now is also a matter of great concern. According to K. Vijay Raghavan, it is not clear when the third wave will come but it will come and given the current situation, we have to be more prepared for it. However, there is a suspicion that the third wave may start showing its effects from September.

Will the third wave attack eight times faster:

Corona’s third wave is just speculation. But given the current situation, scientists and researchers have begun to investigate its magnitude. In India, the second wave is five times more deadly than the first wave of the Corona. Whenever a healthy person is exposed to a corona infection. It is completely infected with the corona virus in 2 to 3 days. His assessment is extremely scary compared to the first wave. The transition to the first wave took 7 to 8 days.

8 times more active cases in Pakistan in April:

Epidemic has hit India’s neighbor Pakistan. There were 16,000 active cases of corona in Pakistan in the first week of March, according to the report. But active cases increased eightfold in April. Even in the first and second wave, Corona-stricken Pakistan was not so upset. But in the third wave, there is a helpless situation among the citizens of Pakistan.

Shocking revelation:

In the second wave of people in India, people are suffering very badly. In the second wave the transition to the lungs is taking place in 2-3 days. Pneumonia was complained of in the first wave transition. But in the second wave, the lungs are getting 70 percent infected. This is an extremely shocking revelation. Because if care is not taken now then the situation can become more explosive. Experts are wondering whether the third wave will affect the lungs as soon as the transition occurs. At the same time, how other organs will be affected is also a subject of research.

Will the third wave take the children too?

The first wave in India has affected the rapid transition of senior citizens. The youth class became infected but the death toll remained low. At the same time the dangerous effects of that transition were not seen. In the second wave this time the youngsters are also getting badly infected and the oxygen level drops immediately due to the rapidly spreading infection in the lungs. The third wave is feared it could quickly prove fatal to children. This has been seen in other countries of the world.

Learn what to do before and after taking the Corona Vaccine, new guideline


There are many fears about the side effects of the corona vaccine and people are afraid of getting vaccinated.

New Delhi: The second wave of coronavirus pandemic is on the rise in India and vaccination is in full swing. But there are still many misgivings about the side effects of the vaccine and people are afraid of getting vaccinated. The Ministry of Health has issued some recent guidelines on what should be done before and after vaccination. 

Step-1: Allergy to vaccines if anything has happened before

According to the Ministry of Health, a person who has been vaccinated with Covid-19 should be asked if he or she has any kind of allergies or side effects of the vaccine. If this happens the person should be referred to an allergist. Should proceed on the advice of an expert. 

Step 2: Assess the health status

According to the Ministry, the health conditions created by the vaccine manufacturer for precaution should be assessed. These include pregnancy, compromised immune system and any serious illness in the elderly. Vaccination is appropriate for people with this condition, but they should be given the necessary information and advice. 

Step-3: Information about side effects should be given

Some side effects are seen after vaccination, which means that the vaccine is working. These side effects include hand pain, mild fever, fatigue, headache, muscle or joint pain.

Step 4: The vaccine can then be given

According to the Ministry of Health, the vaccine can be given after assessing the health condition and giving information about the side effects. 

Step-5: Do 15 minutes

after vaccination According to the Ministry of Inspection , the vaccinated person should be monitored for 15 minutes after vaccination. A person who has been allergic to the vaccine before should be monitored for 30 minutes after inoculation. Apart from this the person should be informed where to report further reactions. 

Step 6: Call a medical supervisor immediately

after a reaction If a person has an unexpected or severe reaction or allergy after vaccination, call a medical supervisor immediately.